lord of jubilees

Lord of Jubilees: Ancient Egypt in the Amarna Age: SITE INDEX

lord of jubilees

Akhenaten, Pharaoh of Egypt

When ancient Egypt was at its peak of wealth and power, the rulers of the Nile launched a cultural revolution that changed the course of Egyptian history. Archaeologists call this revolution the Amarna Age: decades when the religion, art, and language of Egypt assumed provocative new forms in a great flourishing of cultural activity.

The central event of this period was the construction of a new city dedicated to the worship of the sun-god, Aten. Its architect was Pharaoh Akhenaten, who named his city Akhet-Aten, Horizon of the Solar Disk. Its ruins are known in Arabic as El Amarna. From this name comes the modern designation for the period.

LORD OF JUBILEES is a window into the civilization of Amarna. The links below lead to accounts of the cultural developments and historical figures that define this period.




the age of amarna

egypt before amarna

the abundance of life

amarna family tree

the perfection of culture

the city of akhet-aten

the cult of the aten

spelling and pronouncing egyptian words

annotated bibliography

list of images


related internet sites


Thutmose IV, eighth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, whose dream of the Great Sphinx predicted his unexpected elevation to the throne
Amenhotep III, ninth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, whose reign was such a time of splendor that his subjects called him Atan Tjahan, the Dazzling Orb of the Sun
Tiyi, Great Royal Wife of Amenhotep III, one of the most powerful women of the 18th dynasty
Yuya and Tjuyu, parents of Tiyi and possibly the unofficial rulers of Egypt during the childhood of Amenhotep III
Akhenaten, son and successor of Amenhotep III, who launched the religious revolution of Amarna, worshiping only the Aten and denying all other gods
Nefertiti, Great Royal Wife of Akhenaten, his co-ruler and fellow religious radical, who may have assumed pharaonic dignity as Ankhkheprura Nefernefruaten at the end of his reign
Ankhkheprura Smenkhkara, pharaoh who reigned briefly after Akhenaten, possibly his older son
Tutankhamun, son of Akhenaten and boy-king for nine years after his death, a cautious ruler who restored the old religion but continued the artistic and philosophical trends of Amarna
Ankhesenamun, Great Royal Wife of Tutankhamun, who tried and failed to assume power after her husband’s death as a teenager
Aya, elderly successor of Tutankhamun, a commoner who became king
Harimhab, last pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, another commoner who became king, and who tried to erase the Amarna Age from history

All text is copyright Raymond Harris, 2004-2006, and may be linked or quoted with credit to the author. Image rights are held by individual or institutional owners, as described in the List of Images. Images are displayed on these pages for purely educational purposes.